Primary Care Doctor, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, General Practice

Pregnancy

Introduction to Pregnancy

The earliest and most reliable sign of pregnancy for women with regular periods (menstrual cycle) is a missed period. Other signs and symptoms differ in women so you may feel a few or all of these.

Written by Doctify Team 27/04/2020

What is Pregnancy?

The earliest and most reliable sign of pregnancy for women with regular periods (menstrual cycle) is a missed period. Other signs and symptoms differ in women so you may feel a few or all of these. If you suspect you are pregnant, you can take most pregnancy tests from the first day of your missed period. A positive test is almost always correct but a negative test is not always so conclusive. If you suspect you might be pregnant, you should see your GP as soon as possible to have another test carried out. Most symptoms are most severe during the first 12-14 weeks and then subside or go away all together but others can last the entire duration of the pregnancy.

What are the causes for Pregnancy symptoms?

Most symptoms of pregnancy are due to hormonal changes or changes your body undergoes during pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of a Pregnancy?

In addition to a missed period, a common sign of pregnancy is morning sickness. Misleadingly named as it can occur at any time of the day, morning or night. About half of all women experience some kind of nausea or vomiting. This is due to the hormones released during pregnancy affecting other parts of your body. If you are vomiting continuously you may have a condition called hyperemesis gravidarium which can be serious you should see your midwife or doctor if you suspect this. The hormonal changes which take place in your body during the first few weeks can leave women feeling fatigued or emotional so it is important to rest and eat a healthy diet. In preparation for the baby, your breasts may begin to feel tender and become larger. Veins and nipples may also stand out more. As the baby grows, you may realise that you need to urinate more frequently, have constipation or a vaginal discharge.
Women also often experience heightened senses or changes to the foods they like/dislike.

How are Pregnancy symptoms treated?

If you are suffering from hyperemesis gravidarium, there are anti-emetics, steroids or vitamins you can take to help control your vomiting. Women respond to different treatments so it may take some time before you find what works for you. It is important to drink plenty of fluids and eat a healthy diet to avoid dehydration and help with constipation. This along with rest will also help with feelings of fatigue.

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