Colorectal Surgery

Haemorrhoids

Introduction to Haemorrhoids

Known as piles, these are swollen and inflamed veins in your anus and lower rectum. It is caused for example from straining during bowel movements or from pregnancy related pressure increases etc.

Written by Doctify Team 27/04/2020

What are Haemorrhoids?

Known as piles, these are swollen and inflamed veins in your anus and lower rectum. It is caused for example from straining during bowel movements or from pregnancy related pressure increases etc. Hemorrhoids may be located inside the rectum (internal), or they may develop under the skin around the anus (external).

Almost 50% to 67% of all people have hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. Occurrence in males and females is equally common. Common age of occurrence is between 45 and 65. Symptoms are usually relieved from home treatments and lifestyle changes.

What causes Haemorrhoids?

The exact cause is yet unknown. It is considered likely that severe abdominal pressure makes the veins swell which causes irritation. The pressure can be caused by for example: Straining during bowel movements, Sitting on toilet for long, Long term diarrhea or constipation, obesity, pregnancy, low-fiber diet, extreme coughing or sneezing. It may also be genetically inherited.

What are the symptoms of Haemorrhoids?

It may not cause symptoms but when it does they may include: bleeding during bowel movements, itching or irritation in your anal region, swelling around your anus, lump near your anus, involuntary release of feces.

How are Haemorrhoids treated?

Diet is considered the best treatment for hemorrhoids. You should take high-fiber foods and avoid processed food. Increasing fluid intake is also important. Most treatments aim to minimize pain and itching. If symptoms persist or are severe the following treatments may be required:
Injection: For internal hemorrhoid a scar is created to close it off by injecting it with a fluid.
Banding: This technique involves using a special device to block blood supply to the hemorrhoids . Soon, the hemorrhoid shrivels and falls off.
Coagulation or cauterization: The end of the hemorrhoid is sealed by painlessly burning it using an electric probe, laser, or infrared light.
Surgery: For severe cases of both internal or external hemorrhoids a surgery, called hemorrhoidectomy may be performed.

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