Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery

Tooth Extraction

Introduction to Tooth Extraction

There are a number of reasons for pulling out teeth. The most common reason is having a tooth that is damaged from trauma or decay.

Written by Doctify Team 27/04/2020

What is a Tooth Extraction?

There are a number of reasons for pulling out teeth. The most common reason is having a tooth that is damaged from trauma or decay. Other reasons include: having a crowded mouth, infection or having an increased risk of infection.

How is the a Tooth Extraction performed?

Dentists and oral surgeons usually perform this procedure. Before pulling out your tooth, you will be given a local anaesthetic. This will be injected around the tooth to numb the area. If the tooth is impacted, the healthcare professional performing the procedure will have to cut away gum and other tissue that cover the tooth. Using forceps, they will hold the tooth and rock it back and forth to loosen it from the ligaments that hold it in place. Once the tooth has been removed, a blood clot usually forms in the socket. You will be given gauze to bite down on to help prevent the bleeding. Sometimes you are giving stitches to close the gum edges together.

How to prepare for a Tooth Extraction?

There is not much to be done before the procedure. You may have to take antibiotics before and after the procedure as sometimes harmful bacteria get into the blood stream, which can increase your risk of infection. It is important to tell your dentist if you have any of the following: Congenital heart defects, impaired immune system, damages or mechanical heart valves, liver disease, artificial joints or a history of bacterial endocarditis.

What happens after a Tooth Extraction?

Recovery will usually take a few days. To reduce discomfort and risk f infection the following are recommended:
Taking painkillers, changing the gauze bad regularly, applying ice to the area immediately after the procedure, limit activity for a day or two, avoid rinsing or spitting as this may break the clot, rinse your mouth with a salt and warm water mixture, do not smoke, eat soft foods and continue to brush teeth and tongue, avoiding the extraction site.

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