For Patients Ophthalmology Top Articles

What are the symptoms and treatment of cataracts?

Written by Mr Sundeep Vaswani Bsc (Hons) MCOptom of Optegra Eye Health Care for Doctify

For the most part, cataracts develop with age, with early changes occurring in most cases after the age of 50-60. In these instances, there tends to be a gradual progressive change and therefore patients may notice a slow decline in their level of vision. In other cases, cataracts can also as a result of heavy trauma to the eye or conditions such as uncontrolled diabetes. In these cases, a rapid change in vision may be noticed as well as other symptoms of cataracts such as glare and haloes at night.


What is a Cataract?

A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens in the eye. The lens is a clear structure within the eye that contributes to the power of the eyes and focuses light on the retina. When a clouding of the natural lens occurs, light transmission through the natural lens is obstructed and vision is impaired as a result.


The most common Cataract symptoms

Symptoms of cataracts can vary amongst individuals, but below is a list of common symptoms which may occur:

  • Cloudy or blurred vision

A decline in vision may be noticed at distance (such as when driving or watching television) or at near (when reading). The feeling of looking through a cloudy film is also a common symptom.

  • Frequent prescription changes

Our prescription naturally changes with age as our natural lens changes. This would then result in updates to our spectacles and contact lenses. However, during the progression of cataracts, more frequent and noticeable prescription changes may occur.

  • Ghosting or double vision

Those with cataracts may notice blurred edges around letters when reading and when looking at detail in the distance (such as road signs). Double vision may also be experienced.

  • Night vision symptoms

Glare and haloes may be noticed at night, especially when driving. This can cause significant inconvenience or may even hinder night driving completely. Quality of vision at night may also be reduced.

  • Light sensitivity

An increased sensitivity to light during the day is quite common and as a result many find themselves using sunglasses more frequently. 


Why you should choose private cataract surgery 

Although cataract surgery is available for free, it is only available to patients once cataracts have advanced to the stage where vision is impacted. This is usually at the point where the vision is not sufficient to perform daily tasks such as driving. Along with long waiting lists that can last several months, these factors can significantly impact those looking to have their cataracts treated. However, with the option of private cataract surgery, you can opt to have your cataracts treated at a much earlier stage with minimal waiting times. 


Treatment that’s tailored to you

Standard cataract treatment involves replacing the lens with a synthetic intraocular lens (IOL). However, another option available is refractive cataract surgery, which utilises advanced technology lenses to correct all ranges of prescriptions such as long-sightedness, short-sightedness and astigmatism. Moreover, there are multifocal lenses to allow patients to be able to see at distance and near without the need for glasses. 

For those looking to have their cataracts treated, this is a fantastic option to reduce dependence on glasses or potentially eliminate glasses altogether whilst having your cataracts removed at the same time. When considering your options for treatment, you’ll have an expert consultant to guide you through the decision-making process and be with you every step of the way.

A major advantage of private cataract surgery is the fact that you won’t have to wait for many months to have your treatment. You have the flexibility to choose your treatment when it suits you.



Got questions? 

Come to Optegra Eye Healthcare for a FREE Cataract Consultation at one of our seven 5-star hospitals. Simply call 0808 301 2589, email or go to